Saturday, February 4, 2023


Note: In "Setting Matters Straight" posts I debunk online pronouncements that involve fundamentals which I first post on LinkedIn. The purpose is to induce practitioners to test their foundation knowledge against our debunking, where we explain what is correct and what is fallacious. For in-depth treatments check out the POSTS and our PAPERS, LINKS and BOOKS (or organize one of our on-site/online SEMINARS, which can be customized to specific needs). Questions and comments are welcome here and on LinkedIn.

“A conceptual data model usually just includes the main concepts (entities) required to store information and the relationships that exist between these entities. We don’t usually include any details about each piece of information. We can consider the conceptual stage as an initial model, without all the details required to create a database.

A logical data model is probably the most-used data model. It goes beyond the conceptual model; it includes entities, relationships, details on entities’ different attributes, and unique ways to identify entities (primary keys) and establish the relationships between them (foreign keys).

A physical data model is usually derived from a logical data model for a particular relational database management system (RDBMS), thus taking into account all technology-specific details. One big difference between logical and physical data models is that we now need to use table and column names rather than specifying entity and attribute names. This allows us to adapt to the limits and conventions of the desired database engine. We also provide the actual data types and constraints that allows us to store the desired information.”
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