Sunday, March 26, 2017

This Week

1. What's wrong with this picture?

"Things get more complex when NULLable columns are used in expressions and predicates. In a procedural language, this wouldn’t have been a problem--if a procedural program fails to find the information it needs, it enters a conditional branch to handle this situation, as defined by the programmer. In a declarative, set-based language such as SQL, this was not possible. The alternatives were either to have the SQL developer add conditional expressions for each nullable column in a query to handle missing data, or to define a decent default behavior in SQL for missing data so that developers only have to write explicit conditional expressions if they need to override the default behavior." Hugo Kornelis, NULL - The database's black hole

(Nothing wrong with Hugo's picture--in fact, I highly recommend the series of which the source of this quote is one part--only with SQL's picture of relational treatment of missing data).

Sunday, March 19, 2017

New Paper: The Interpretation and Representation of Database Relations

The data management field cannot and will not progress without educated and informed users. Recently I announced UNDERSTANDING THE REAL RDM, a new series of papers that will
  • Offer to the data practitioner an accessible informal preview of David's work.
  • Contrast it with the the current common interpretation that emerged after EFC's passing and to demonstrate the practical implications of the differences.

Saturday, March 11, 2017

What Is a True Relational System (and What It Is Not)

(This is a rewrite of a 12/10/16 post, to bring it in line with McGoveran's interpretation of Codd's RDM.)

Here's what's wrong with last week's picture, namely:
"A quick-and-dirty definition for a relational database might be: a system whose users view data as a collection of tables related to each other through common data values.

The whole basis for the relational model follows this train of thought: data is stored in tables, which are composed of rows and columns. Tables of independent data can be linked, or related, to one another if they each have columns of data that represent the same data value, called keys. This concept is so common as to seem trivial; however, it was not so long ago that achieving and programming a system capable of sustaining the relational model was considered a longshot with limited usefulness.

If a vendor’s database product didn’t meet Codd’s 12 item litmus tests, then it was not a member of the club ... these rules determine whether the database engine itself can be considered truly “relational”. These rules were constructed to support a data model that would ensure the ACID properties of transactions and also eliminate a variety of data manipulation anomalies that frequently occurred on non-relational database platforms (and **still do**)." --Kevin Kline,

Thursday, March 2, 2017

The Trouble with Data Warehouse Analytics

My February post @All Analytics

Warehouses are essentially databases biased for some data applications (and against others) and are rooted in poor database foundation knowledge and logical-physical confusion. Even when warehouses consist of relations, warehouse developers often do not understand their precise interpretation. The design is based on various unwarranted or false assumptions about what the data means. The above modeling methods do not allow documenting the transformation itself -- the relational algebra operations that comprise the transformation. But more often than not warehouses do not consist of relations, which are minimally required to be in first normal form (1NF), and are, therefore, not just denormalized, but non-relational. Consequently, all bets are off; sound derivations of correct analytical results are not guaranteed.

Read it all.